|Your fall planting strategy:|
|Gardening in the fall can be much more challenging than spring planting, because you are in a race to get your crops mature and harvested before the winter frosts begin, around November 7. This means you need to consider how much time each variety needs between planting and picking. Those numbers vary widely between different varieties of the same kinds of plants! Usually the "Days to Harvest" are present on the seed packet.
Most tomatoes, peppers and eggplants, for example, require around 100 days to harvest, therefore you'd want to transplant those into the ground around July 30. Anyway, it's important to remember that the numbers in this fall planting guide are only a starting point for you! Good luck and good gardening to you.
Fall is the time to plant garlic. Around September 23, take your cloves apart and plant the toes about 3 to 4 inches deep. This may not be accurate! Garlic dates vary wildly around the country. The way to be sure is to use a soil thermometer. When the soil temperature is 60° at a depth of 4 inches, then plant your garlic.
Cole crops like broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage can be direct seeded into your garden around August 29, but because of the heat during that time of year, it's better to start them indoors around July 10 and then transplant them into the garden around August 19. Do the same with lettuce and spinach.
Sow peas directly around August 24.
Now, for all the usual hot weather veggies like beans, cowpeas, corn, squashes, pumpkins, cucumbers, watermelons, gourds and sunflowers, you should plant those seeds directly into the ground around July 25.
Okay, now here are the cold, hard numbers, along with specific plants:
|Crop||Sow seeds indoors||Transplant seedlings into the garden||Direct sow seeds|
|Beans||n/a||n/a||Jul 25 - Aug 24|
|Beets||n/a||n/a||Aug 24 - Oct 8|
|Broccoli||Jun 13 - Jul 28||Jul 25 - Sep 8||n/a|
|Brussel Sprouts||Jun 13 - Jul 28||Jul 25 - Sep 8||n/a|
|Cabbage||Jun 13 - Jul 28||Jul 25 - Sep 8||n/a|
|Cantaloupe||n/a||n/a||Jul 10 - Jul 25|
|Carrots||n/a||n/a||Aug 9 - Oct 8|
|Cauliflower||Jun 13 - Jul 28||Jul 25 - Sep 8||n/a|
|Chard||n/a||n/a||Jul 25 - Oct 8|
|Collards||Jul 10 - Aug 24||Aug 9 - Sep 23||n/a|
|Corn||n/a||n/a||Jul 25 - Aug 9|
|Cucumbers||n/a||n/a||Jul 25 - Aug 9|
|Eggplants||May 29 - Jun 13||Jul 10 - Jul 25||n/a|
|n/a||n/a||Aug 24 - Oct 8|
|Gourds, Squash and Pumpkins||n/a||n/a||Jun 25 - Jul 25|
|Kale||Jun 13 - Jul 28||Jul 25 - Sep 8||n/a|
|Kohlrabi||Jun 13 - Jul 28||Jul 25 - Sep 8||n/a|
|Lettuce||Aug 9 - Sep 8||Sep 8 - Oct 8||Sep 8 - Oct 8|
|Mustard||n/a||n/a||Sep 8 - Oct 8|
|Okra||n/a||n/a||Jun 25 - Jul 25|
|Onions||n/a||n/a||Oct 8 - Oct 18|
|Parsley||Jun 25 - Aug 9||Aug 9 - Sep 23||n/a|
|Peas (English)||n/a||n/a||Aug 9 - Sep 8|
|Peas (Southern)||n/a||n/a||Jun 25 - Jul 25|
|Peas (Sugar Snap)||n/a||n/a||Aug 9 - Sep 8|
|Peppers||Jun 3 - Jun 18||Jul 15 - Jul 30||n/a|
|Potatoes||n/a||n/a||Aug 9 - Sep 8|
|Radishes||n/a||n/a||Sep 8 - Oct 8|
|Spinach||Jul 25 - Sep 8||Aug 24 - Oct 8||Aug 24 - Oct 8|
|Tomatoes||Jun 3 - Jun 18||Jul 15 - Jul 30||n/a|
|Turnips||n/a||n/a||Sep 23 - Oct 23|
|Watermelon||n/a||n/a||Jun 25 - Jul 25|